Francis Bacon (1909–1992) was one of the most unique, engaging figurative painters to emerge in the mid 20th century. Largely self-taught, Bacon was born in Dublin and moved to London when he was 16, and then to Paris and Berlin in the following few years. In the 1940s, he pursued painting more seriously, and began creating works featuring macabre, homoerotic, and violently expressive imagery. His portraits and figurative works often pictured screaming, agonized, or caged figures, which solidified his reputation as an overwhelmingly and compelling, if sombre, observer of human nature. He often worked in series, creating sustained bodies of subject matter. After the death of his lover, George Dyer, in 1972, his work became even more personalised, with a renewed focus on mortality. While he received both positive and negative acclaim during his lifetime, his distinctive style is unmatched. In 2013 Three Studies of Lucian Freud (1969) set a new world record price for an art auction, at a Christie’s postwar and contemporary sale in New York. His work has been featured in exhibitions at the Tate Gallery in London, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., the Stedelijik Museum in Amsterdam, and The Museum of Modern Art in New York, among many other institutions.